Madrid 1937 under fascist bombs – Los Aviones Negros (The Black Planes) (1937) by Horacio Ferrer Morgado. In Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.
Note: Los Aviones Negros (The Black Planes) was the painting the Basque government wanted for the Paris World Fair – they didn’t like a certain painting Picasso had produced.
Meanwhile today those who tried to stop this murder in Madrid are to have a small monument to them pulled down while those responsible for the city’s bombing still have huge arches built to the name of their “victory”
Madrid front November 1937. Philosophy and Arts faculty at the University City. Parapets from sacks and library books (some of which still exist with bullets in them) Published in Le Patriote Illustré. Photographer? More here
Unbelievable….except it isn’t anymore. “Madrid’s Complutense University has been given 10 days (from 3 June) to remove the memorial to the International Brigades that was unveiled on 22 October 2011 in the presence of four IB veterans, including David Lomon. The order was made by a Madrid court, the Tribunal Superior de Justicia, on the grounds that the monument had been erected without planning permission. The IBMT donated 500 euros towards its cost.”
The Guardian Well worth reading this article.
“It is often said that history is written by the winners. But what is happening in Madrid is not just an asymmetrical exercise of historic memory. It is an intolerant, dangerous, dysfunctional way to treat the past and sits uneasily with the image Madrid likes to project as an open, diverse and transparent city of the future.”
And here too also in the Guardian
Photo by Guillermo Zúñiga, somewhere on the Madrid Front.
More information here about the discovery of this remarkable photographer, who has been called the Robery Capa of Madrid
http://www.publico.es/390260/guillermo-zuniga-ha-nacido-otro-capa Plus brilliant archive here: http://www.publico.es/especial/lopez-zuniga/
Puerta del Sol, Madrid scene of the 2011 protests, after being bombed in 1936-37. Forms part of an excellent set
Remarkable photo of CNT workers and student volunteers off to defend the reservoirs in the sierra north of Madrid. The photo was taken on 28 July 1936, a week after the military rebellion was defeated in the city. Thanks to Glenn for sending me this.